Abdominal distension, as the saying goes, “feel too much gas in my stomach” “I seem to have nothing to eat, and then have the feeling of overeating”.
It is arguably one of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms (it is said to be able to squeeze into the top two), ranging from mild discomfort to severe, or even life threatening.
There is a part of patient is liver cirrhosis ascites, bowel obstruction and so on disease, the abdominal distension that has thing to cause really in the abdomen, after treating this ill commonly, abdominal distension also can become good.
So today we’re going to talk a little bit more about chronic abdominal distension caused by functional gastrointestinal diseases like constipation and irritable bowel syndrome.
What exactly is bloating?
Gastroenterologists believe that abdominal distension is mainly the subjective discomfort of the patient, the focus is on the subjective feeling, rather than the belly is really redundant gas or water, is from the brain signal.
Previously, it was thought that abdominal distension was directly related to excess gas in the abdomen, but in fact, many patients with abdominal distension did not find any excess gas or ascites after examination.
In the daily medical work, irritable bowel syndrome and other patients prone to abdominal distension, often have certain emotional or mental problems. So, sometimes the doctor will tell the patient, do not need to take medicine, go home to adjust mood, will be good.
Why does it happen?
Unfortunately, doctors don’t yet know why these patients feel bloated even though they look good. Here are some of the most likely reasons:
- Intestinal hypersensitivity
This is a theory that a lot of doctors agree on about functional gastrointestinal diseases. Put simply, it is the bowel nerve of this part of patient is more delicate, tell to most person so lighter or normal stimulation, can let them feel abdominal distension, abdominal pain and so on abdominal not comfortable.
- More gas producing bacteria
Believe that love to see lilac doctor you must have known that our digestive tract is not actually “clean”, there are thousands of bacteria colonization. Right! Some people think these bacteria are the culprit, so some experimental methods were used to check the feces and intestinal mucosa of functional gastrointestinal patients and healthy people.
Indeed, some people with functional gastrointestinal diseases, which are plagued by problems such as abdominal pain and bloating, have seen an increase in the number of gas-producing bacteria, which are likely to be an important cause of these symptoms.
- The brain misjudges
Problems with the brain can also cause bloating.
Bloating is, after all, a subjective experience, and it’s ultimately made by the brain. This may explain why many patients with chronic abdominal distension may have mild mental disorders.
There are also nervous systems in the gastrointestinal tract that are somewhat similar to our brains. It is also now referred to collectively as the “gut brain” and has been extensively studied.
In addition, reduced gastrointestinal motility, food intolerance, sugar malabsorption syndrome and chronic constipation can all cause chronic abdominal distension.
I always feel bloated. What should I do?
Here are some simple practical tips:
Adjust your mood
Mental disorders such as high pressure of life and work, anxiety and depression are important causes of functional gastrointestinal diseases. Therefore, for most patients with abdominal distension, they can adjust their emotions and relieve pressure by means of exercise, travel, thinking and doing more happy things, as well as diverting their attention.
However, if you still cannot get out of anxiety and depression through your own efforts, you should seek help from a professional psychiatrist or psychologist as soon as possible.
A large proportion of the population with abdominal distension has maladjustment or alteration of intestinal microecology. An excess of gas in the stomach, which then accumulates in the intestines, causes bloating. Therefore, you can eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, for example, eat less apples, mangoes, cherries, honey, leeks, and other foods that are difficult to absorb short chain carbohydrates, which may aggravate bloating.
Like some people drink soy milk, milk will always fart, as soon as eating sweet potatoes feel bloated, can completely put these foods on the blacklist.
Numerous studies have shown that antibiotics, probiotics, stimulants and even anti-anxiety and depression drugs can help improve bloating, abdominal pain and diarrhea caused by functional diseases. But some experts think it’s a placebo effect.
However, it is generally believed that probiotics are of certain use in regulating the balance of intestinal flora. Dynamic drugs can accelerate gastrointestinal peristalsis and have certain effects on abdominal distension caused by functional gastrointestinal diseases or constipation.
So some medication-assisted treatment can be used appropriately. But all drugs, under the guidance of doctors, do not buy their own use, especially antibiotics, anti-anxiety drugs. Improper use may cause unnecessary side effects.
Seek help from a doctor
If you’ve tried lifestyle changes and multiple medications, but still suffer from bloating, you should consult your digestive doctor to see if you need other treatments.
Because, still have a few gastritis, inflammation sex bowel disease, tumour and so on other gastrointestinal disease, can cause this symptom, and these need other special treatment method.