How to eliminate plaque in blood vessels?
With age, everyone’s blood vessels have plaques, just like water pipes, have rust, is a natural phenomenon of metabolism.
But if the plaque is particularly large and unstable, it is a lesion, and usually a large plaque is an atherosclerotic lesion, a chronic progressive disease.
In general, the incidence of plaque tends to increase with age. Plaques in the elderly were significantly higher than those in the middle aged, and the incidence of plaques was significantly higher in the elderly than in the middle aged.
Stable plaques are usually called hard plaques, while unstable plaques are called soft plaques. Soft plaques pose a greater threat to human health because they are prone to shedding or rupturing, causing thrombosis, resulting in vascular lumen stenosis. And can cause vascular dysfunction.
The most typical plaques that require the most attention and are the most dangerous are carotid and coronary atherosclerotic plaques. These plaques can lead to acute coronary syndrome, angina, myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.
With so much damage from plaques, how do we reverse or eliminate plaques?
Strictly speaking, in most cases, it is difficult to reverse or completely eliminate the plaque, generally through drug treatment and lifestyle improvement to stabilize the plaque and delay the plaque to grow.
Only if the plaque is large enough to leave less than 50% of the remaining space in the blood vessel should surgery, such as peeling the artery, be considered to remove the plaque.
Only plaques large enough, or large and unstable plaques, require medication.
The combination of lipid-regulating drugs, anti-platelet drugs and anti-oxidation drugs has a definite intervention effect on atherosclerosis.
Statins are the most effective measures to stabilize soft plaque at present, long-term use of statins can stabilize plaque anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation.
Antiplatelet agents: clopidogrel; anticoagulants: warfarin, Dabiga group, heparin can reduce the incidence of atherosclerotic thrombosis, stable plaque, reduce the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Antioxidants, including Chinese patent medicine, have a certain inhibitory effect on plaque formation.
Note, be sure to select medication under the guidance of a specialist.
Only when the plaque is large enough to cause more than 50% stenosis or serious vascular obstruction can surgical treatment be considered. The surgical treatment mainly depends on the location of the lesion.
Carotid plaques are treated with stenting, carotid ultrasound, and peeling. Treatment of coronary plaques: PCI stenting, balloon dilatation, rotational plaque resection, thrombus aspiration.
Improve one’s way of life.
In fact, whether or not there is a large plaque, whether drug treatment or surgical treatment, need to improve lifestyle, so as to delay plaque enlargement, while with drug treatment or surgical treatment, effectively prevent the occurrence of serious cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
First of all, from the diet to pay attention to low fat, low sugar, low salt, multi-vitamin, coarse grain with the program. Fat food intake in the calorie control within 25%, cholesterol intake in the 200mg below, eat less animal viscera.
For men to quit smoking, limit alcohol. Do 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise every day, preferably at least five times a week.
In short, treat vascular plaques, not careless, some small plaques, even if it can not be completely eliminated, but need to pay attention to, can not be negligent.