Causes, prevention and treatment of bone spurs
How do bone spurs come from?
Bone spurs are usually a natural aging phenomenon caused by osteoarthritis caused by wear between joints. Osteoarthritis also known as degenerative arthritis, the most typical feature is the degradation of articular cartilage, leading to bone spurs.
Cartilage is the smooth tissue that covers the ends of bones. Healthy cartilage allows bones to slide across each other, reducing the impact of movement.
As you get older or use the wrong posture, the cartilage between bones can become thinner or rupture as a result of long-term stress and wear. Under long-term bone friction, in addition to causing pain and swelling, it is more likely to cause joint deformation or bone spurs.
Bone spurs are not the same as disc herniations.
Intervertebral disc is located between the two bones, if due to gravity or long-term pressure, the fiber wheel on the periphery of the intervertebral disc will slowly protrude, and if the nerve is compressed, there will be pain and numbness.
Bone spurs are caused by hyperosteogeny, similar to the symptoms of disc herniation, but the causes are not the same, are two different diseases.
Who is prone to bone spurs?
The formation of bone spurs is mostly related to joint degeneration and cartilage abrasion, and more frequently occurs in middle-aged and elderly people. However, excessive or improper use of some joints makes cartilage wear away and bone spurs may grow at a young age.
- Engage in heavy work
- Being overweight
- In the old
- Excessive movement
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Ever had a fracture or ligament injury
- Genetic defect
The position of the spur.
Bone spurs usually occur in joints that are more frequently used, such as the cervical spine, lumbar vertebrae, knee joints, heels, fingers, and elbows.
What symptom can long bone spur have?
Not all bone spurs are symptomatic, because different parts of the bone may produce different symptoms.
The symptoms of bone spurs can be classified into two types:
- Spinal compression: there will be movement difficulties and physical stiffness, and the strength of the body will also be affected.
- Nerve compression: there will be limb numbness, acupuncture sensation, this anesthetic pain may be along with the nerve distribution of the region. If the nerves are compressed for a long time, the muscles in the area may atrophy or become weak.
Mild symptoms can be alleviated by rest, medication, rehabilitation or physical therapy. If symptoms are severe, surgical treatment is assessed by a physician.
What is the treatment of bone spurs?
Not all spurs must be treated, depending on where they grow and how they affect the body.
In general, if the spur is not pressing against the nerves, there is no need to worry too much, unless the spur causes pain or affects limb movement and requires treatment. However, the exact method of treatment, must be diagnosed by the doctor before deciding.
There are three common treatment methods: drug therapy, rehabilitation treatment, surgical treatment.
- Medication: use painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, sedatives, muscle relaxants, etc., to relieve pain and symptoms.
- Rehabilitation treatment: hot compress, ultrasound, electrotherapy, cervical traction, etc., hot compress can promote blood circulation, reduce muscle burden; ultrasound and electrotherapy can promote deep muscle blood circulation. Electrotherapy can also alleviate joint pain and muscle atrophy; neck traction can relax tight muscles, help eliminate pain, improve joint activity.
- Surgical treatment: arthroscopic debridement, total knee arthroplasty.
Does the bone spur have to be operated on?
Surgery may be required when medication and rehabilitation therapy do not improve symptoms for more than three months. There are two common surgical procedures:
In people with osteoarthritis, bone fragments may appear between joints as a result of friction, and these may cause pain or more injury. The goal of the procedure is to remove debris, relieve pain and prevent obstruction of joint joints.
Total knee arthroplasty.
In patients with severe osteoarthritis, where even simple movement may be affected, arthroplasty is the ultimate solution and is a safe and pain-relieving procedure.
In addition to repairing the articular surface, plastic pads will be placed between the two bones to rebuild a smooth sliding surface. This will improve joint function, relieve pain, and improve the quality of life.
Whether or not the operation is performed, however, must be assessed by a physician to determine the patient’s state of health and degree of recovery.
In addition, when the joint is no longer inflamed, or after a good recovery, you can try to strengthen the thighs, buttocks muscle strength of the movement to reduce the load of the joints. For example, swimming, cycling, walking on the ground, and light aerobic exercise are all good choices.
To prevent a bone spur
Although the production of bone spurs is a natural aging process, if it starts from the details of life, it can reduce the burden on joints and reduce the incidence of bone spurs.
- Avoid standing and sitting for long periods of time. Get up and move your neck, shoulders and lumbar spine frequently to increase blood circulation.
- Sit and stand correctly.
- Eat a balanced diet with adequate nutrition.
- The bed is soft and hard.
- Moderate exercise can make cartilage gain joint fluid, helpful for lubrication and nutrition. (non-painful state)
- Proper weight control can reduce joint load.
Remember, rest is the most important thing when bone spurs are painful, and rest is the best way to accelerate repair of damaged areas.