How to better take care of 1-2-year-old baby diet
From birth to 2 years old, the baby is the most busy time for many novice parents, especially the problem of eating.
Your baby has no way to tell you if you are eating well. He will only use crying instead of all unhappy.
How to take good care of your baby’s diet during this critical period?
You can follow these seven principles to take care of your baby’s diet:
Breastfeeding begins within 1 hour
It is best to start breast-feeding within an hour of birth, when the newborn baby’s sucking reflex is strongest, and open milk can enhance the baby’s sucking reflex, promote the mother to secrete breast milk as soon as possible, and promote uterine contraction.
Exclusive breastfeeding for up to 6 months
Breast milk is the unparalleled ideal food for infants, exclusive breastfeeding can meet all the liquid, energy and nutrients needed by infants up to 6 months old.
Protective antibodies in breast milk reduce the risk of infective disease in infants, especially in the first few months of life, and improve infant survival.
Breastfeeding also contributes to the establishment of intestinal microecology and reduces allergies and intestinal diseases.
It should be noted that 6 months if the consumption of vitamin A and vitamin D drops such as nutrients supplements or drugs can also be considered exclusive breast milk.
In addition, in general, the baby within 6 months do not need to drink water, but do not need to drink does not mean that you can not drink. If the baby has dry lips, urine yellow and other symptoms of water shortage, need to give the baby proper amount of water.
Continue breast-feeding up to two years of age and over
Breast milk is an important source of energy and nutrition for children. It can provide more than 50% of energy requirements, essential amino acids, high-quality protein, calcium and various immune protection factors.
In addition, after 6 months, infants begin to develop psychologically, and breastfeeding can enhance emotional communication between mother and child, promote infant psychological development, reduce the risk of acute and chronic diseases in young children, and have long-term benefits for cardiovascular health; So as to promote the early physiological development and long-term health of children.
6 months old start to add supplementary food
After 6 months, exclusive breastfeeding can not meet their needs for energy and nutrients, the baby’s gastrointestinal tract and other digestive organs are relatively well developed, it is necessary to add supplementary food.
It should be noted that after 6 months of age, infants’ psychological, cognitive and behavioral abilities are gradually developing, and there is a great demand for the perception of food color and taste. Parents should pay attention to sensing and responding to infants’ growth signals. For example, children will stare at adults eating, like brightly colored food.
In addition, parents should not deprive their children of the right to eat by themselves. For example, when they grab food and put it in their mouths, they should not worry about getting their clothes dirty and force them to stop it. Instead, they should encourage and give their children full opportunities to exercise and grow up.
Of course, the production of food for children must pay attention to safety and health, as far as possible do not use bottles or nipples feeding complementary food, not to eat the food left behind the next meal to eat.
Add at least 4 types of complementary foods
The diet of 6-23 months infants and young children must pay attention to diversity in order to meet the needs of children for macro and micronutrient.
In terms of food type, you should eat at least four kinds of supplementary foods every day, including animal foods, vegetables, fruits and staple foods. In addition, it is also best to eat potato, beans, dairy products and other food.
Meet the minimum dietary frequency
The amount of meals a child needs each day depends on how much energy they need, the amount they can eat per meal, and the energy density of the food they provide.
General infant energy density in 0.8-1 KCAL / g, for 6-8 months of children, can eat 2-3 meals a day, for 9-23 months of children, eat 3-4 meals a day (including 1-2 meals snacks).
For non-breast-fed young children, on top of the above, should also add 1-2 cups of milk every day and 1-2 additional meals.
Eat foods rich in iron
The WHO guidelines on complementary feeding for Breast-fed Children and the guidelines on complementary feeding for Children without Breastfeeding refer to “fortified foods or vitamin or mineral supplements containing iron for infants”.
Therefore the baby first supplement food should be rich in iron high energy food, such as fortified iron baby rice noodles, meat paste and so on. On this basis, different kinds of food are gradually introduced to provide different nutrients.