Causes of urethritis and 7 ways to improve it
Urethritis is the female and the elder common disease, because the recurrence rate is high, many people neglect slightly after the treatment, very easy to appear the disease to recur.
If it is diabetes, hypertrophy of the prostate, urinary calculi patients, should also pay special attention to check whether complicated urethritis. Because urethritis treatment medicine is the antibiotic, must take on time to be able to display the effect, must not stop the medicine by oneself, lest causes the bacterium to produce the drug resistance, enhances the treatment difficulty.
Cranberry extract proanthocyanidins and probiotics can also be used for normal maintenance.
What is urethritis?
Urethritis is the disease of bacterial infection of urethra, can be divided into by gonorrhea diplococcus cause “gonorrhea urethritis”, and more common, because of infection of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, chlamydia and other bacteria caused by “non-gonorrhea urethritis”.
Urethritis is likely to occur in both men and women, but women are more likely to suffer from it than men.
When bacteria enter the body from the urethra, in addition to infected urethra, or even all the way up into the bladder, causing cystitis, or in the kidney, causing pyelonephritis.
Why do women get urethritis more easily?
Female urethra mouth close to vulva, anus and other easy to breed bacteria, so bacteria easily enter the body from the urethra mouth.
In addition, immunity will drop during the physiological period, during which if you do not pay attention to the hygiene of private areas, you will be vulnerable to disease. After menopause, the ability of urethra and bladder mucosa to resist foreign substances is weakened, and the risk of disease is also increased.
What symptom does urethritis have?
Urethritis may not have symptoms, some people in the urine test, they will find that they have urethritis. The common symptoms of urethritis are the following:
- Urination has a burning, tingling sensation.
- Turbid urine, or green, brown, or malodorous urine.
In addition, urethritis can also cause bladder parts or lower back (back) pain, note that if you feel pain in the lower back, the kidney may have been infected, at this time will also appear fever, chills, nausea.
If urethritis is serious, it may also be accompanied by fatal septicemia.
Urethritis how to check?
When pain or other abnormalities are found in micturition, it is necessary to go to the urology department for further diagnosis.
Doctors will first take urine tests to see if there is any inflammation in the urine, or signs of bacterial infection.
Urine cultures are then carried out and doctors use special cotton sticks to smear the urine or examine secretions from private areas of men and women to determine the type of bacteria.
If the patient has symptoms of fever, chills, and nausea, he must also undergo a blood test to confirm that the bacteria have infected the kidney to prevent further entry of the bacteria into the blood, causing sepsis.
In addition to the above examination, the doctor will also arrange ultrasound or X-ray examination, as appropriate, to confirm whether the urethra, bladder, kidney is abnormal.
What is the reason that gets urethritis?
- Women are more likely to get urethritis than men.
- If you are under high pressure for a long time, the stress will affect the immune system and increase the incidence of the disease.
- Inadequate water intake will reduce the amount of urine, making it difficult to bring bacteria from the urethra to the outside world.
- Poor hygiene habits, such as prolonged use of tampons.
- Urinary calculi and hypertrophy of the prostate.
- Long-term use of indwelling catheters may result in infection.
- Bacteria from the vulva or anus are more likely to enter the urethra if they have frequent sex.
In addition, long-term use of immunosuppressants, immune capacity will also decline, prone to disease. Older adults are also at high risk for urethritis because of hypertrophy of the prostate, diabetes, or the use of indwelling catheters.
Pregnant women can not ignore the threat of urethritis, due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, bladder contraction decreased, the impact of voiding, easy to cause urine retention, breeding bacteria.
The way of life improvement of urethritis.
Urethritis is one of the common diseases in men and women, in the prevention of the following can be referred to in order to reduce the risk of infection.
Replenish enough moisture.
Adequate drinking water creates enough urine for the body, increases the frequency of urination and washes away bacteria from the urethra.
In addition to patients with edema or having to limit water intake (e.g., heart disease, kidney disease), the average person should drink at least 30 milliliters of water a day multiplied by their body weight.
If there is the intention to urinate, do not hold back urine, so that urine stranded in the body, but easy to breed bacteria.
Emptying urine after sexual intercourse.
Sexual behavior process, vulva and anus of the bacteria easy contact urethra mouth, and then lead to infection, so women should immediately voiding after sex, wash away the bacteria in the urethra. To make sure you have enough urine, drink water before sex.
The wiping method after urination is also very important, should start from the back to wipe forward, will not take bacteria to the urethral orifice.
Schedule, relieve stress.
Staying up late, life day and night upside down, long-term high-pressure state will affect immunity, if immunity is reduced, bacteria will easily grow in the body, enhance the risk of disease. Therefore, regular work and rest and appropriate ways to relieve stress are one of the keys to disease prevention.
Good hygiene habits.
Maintaining good hygiene habits can reduce the chance of infection. For example, women should change tampons and tampons frequently during their monthly affairs to prevent bacteria from growing in them. Humid, muggy environments also tend to cause bacteria to grow in large numbers. So should wear breathable and ventilated cotton underpants, and daily change, avoid to wear pantyhose or tight trousers.
In addition, take a shower when bathing, avoid bathing, lest the bacteria of vagina, anus or bathtub touch the urethral orifice by soaking bath water; after shower, make sure that the parts of the sex organs are dry, and then wear underwear again.
Avoid vaginal lavage.
Some women think that washing the vagina can keep the vagina clean, in fact, this will destroy the normal flora in the vagina, so that a large number of bad bacteria propagate, not only easily lead to vaginitis, bacteria may also invade the adjacent urethral orifice, resulting in infection.
The “pre-anthocyanidins” in cranberries inhibit bacteria from attaching to the urethra and bladder mucosa, and reduce bacteria’s ability to move, preventing bacteria from invading the urethra. In addition, you can also eat foods containing vitamin C (such as citrus, guava), can help maintain the acidity of the urethra, so that bacteria are not easy to breed.
Correct use of catheter.
If there are elders at home who use catheters, they should encourage patients to drink more water to ensure adequate urine volume and avoid infection. The urine bags should be emptied every eight hours or when the urine output exceeds 700 ml, and the catheters should be changed regularly. Can avoid because install catheter and cause urethritis.
Treatment of urethritis
Oral antibiotics are the main treatment for urethritis, and doctors may switch to injecting antibiotics as appropriate.
These drugs may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort and other side effects, at this time should immediately inform the doctor, in order to adjust the treatment. Because urethritis medicine is antibiotic, in order to avoid the bacterium to produce drug resistance, do not stop taking medicine by oneself during taking medicine.
In addition to medication, some studies suggest that the use of probiotics or cranberry preparations can help maintain the health of the urethra.
Urethritis is a relapse of disease, if the treatment did not comply with the doctor’s instructions to take medicine, or in the treatment after the resumption of bad habits, bacteria will easily return.