How to deal with the six aging manifestations
As aging intensifies, the old man’s body will undergo several major changes. Experts at Yale University School of Medicine in the United States offer a few health tips for these physiological changes.
Muscle loss, replaced by fat
With the increase of age, the proportion of muscle in human body decreases gradually.
For the elderly, consistent physical exercise can effectively delay muscle loss. As a result of muscle specific gravity changes, the old people’s absorption of drugs is also different from the young people.
Some drugs, the elderly need to use relatively small doses, or even do not use, such as the first generation of antihistamines, benzodiazepines, and so on.
Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis
These two kinds of diseases are mostly caused by the normal degeneration of the organs. If we do not pay attention to the prevention and treatment, the consequences will be very serious. Osteoporosis is the direct result of fall fracture, osteoarthritis pain will also bring a lot of trouble to the elderly.
For osteoporosis, the conventional diagnostic method is bone mineral density testing, commonly used drug treatment is through the dicarbonate compounds.
Osteoarthritis is also diagnosed by clinical symptoms and X-rays and is often treated with anti-inflammatory drugs.
It is recommended that the elderly do more muscle strengthening exercises and low-impact sports, such as swimming, yoga, tai chi, and so on.
Decreased immune function
It is not easy for the old people to get well after they catch a cold. It is a sign of decreased immunity.
If conditions permit, annual flu vaccination is recommended. In addition, other vaccines also need to be strengthened in the elderly population, such as the DPT vaccine, adults generally play every 10 years (enhanced) once. At the same time, it is suggested that the elderly usually bask in the sun.
Lack of energy in the stomach and intestines
In the elderly, the ability to supply blood around the stomach is reduced, which can lead to slow bowel movement, constipation or diarrhea. Plus a lot of teeth fall out, affect masticatory function, appetite is reduced greatly.
Therefore, usually should pay attention to eat vegetables and other coarse fiber food, stimulate intestinal peristalsis, prevention of constipation.
Sensory capacity is affected
Age causes hearing, smell, and vision to decline across the board. In addition, the sensitivity of the peripheral nerve on the hands and feet decreased, will slow down the response of the elderly, easy to fall.
Old people are advised to work slowly, do not worry, so as not to have an accident.
Old people’s short-term memory and ability to learn new things will be affected by age, is a normal phenomenon, not too nervous.
But sometimes brain function is affected by a number of diseases, such as depression, stroke, hypothyroidism and so on, the elderly are advised to pay attention to their own changes, regularly go to the hospital to check.